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ESPERANTO, MUCH ADO ABOUT NOTHING & EPTC.

Roberto Henry Ebelt

02.03.2012

ESPERANTO, MUCH ADO ABOUT NOTHING & EPTC.

Esperanto is the result of a formidable effort made by Doctor Ludwig Lazarus Zamenhof, born Leyzer Leyvi Zamengov, (December 15, 1859 – April 14, 1917), which resulted in the most successful constructed language designed for international communication.

CONSTRUCTED LANGUAGE: A planned or constructed language—known colloquially as a conlang—is a language whose phonology, grammar, and/or vocabulary has been consciously devised by an individual or group, instead of having evolved naturally. There are many possible reasons to create a constructed language: to ease human communication (see international auxiliary language and code); to give fiction or an associated constructed world an added layer of realism; for linguistic experimentation; for artistic creation; and for language games.

The expression planned language is sometimes used to mean international auxiliary languages and other languages designed for actual use in human communication. Some prefer it to the term "artificial", as that term may have pejorative connotations in some languages. Outside the Esperanto community, the term language planning means the prescriptions given to a natural language to standardize it; in this regard, even "natural languages" may be artificial in some respects. Prescriptive grammars, which date to ancient times for classical languages such as Latin and Sanskrit are rule-based codifications of natural languages, such codifications being a middle ground between naive natural selection and development of language and its explicit construction. The term glossopoeia is also used to mean language construction, particularly construction of artistic languages.(source Wikipedia)

A expressão CONSTRUCTED LANGUAGE significa o que parece significar: uma língua construída artificialmente, por uma pessoa ou grupo de pessoas, extremamente cultas.

Planned, constructed, artificial

The terms "planned", "constructed", and "artificial" are used differently in some traditions. For example, few speakers of Interlingua consider their language artificial, since they assert that it has no invented content: Interlingua's vocabulary is taken from a small set of natural languages, and its grammar is based closely on these source languages, even including some degree of irregularity; its proponents prefer to describe its vocabulary and grammar as standardized rather than artificial or constructed. Similarly, Latino sine Flexione (LsF) is a simplification of Latin from which the inflections have been removed. As with Interlingua, some prefer to describe its development as "planning" rather than "constructing". Some speakers of Esperanto and Ido* also avoid the term "artificial language" because they deny that there is anything "unnatural" about the use of their language in human communication. By contrast, some philosophers have argued that all human languages are conventional or artificial. François Rabelais, for instance, stated: "C'est abus de dire que nous avons une langue naturelle; les langues sont par institution arbitraires et conventions des peuples." (It's misuse to say that we have a natural language; languages are by institution arbitrary and conventions of peoples.).

IDO: short for Esperandido. It is an artificial language, based on Esperanto, which was developed by Louis Couturat and introduced in 1907 intended for international use. It is a revised and simplified version of Esperanto

A expressão MUCH ADO ABOUT NOTHING foi cunhada por Shakespeare (foi inclusive o título de uma de suas COMEDIES, e, também, de um filme com Kenneth Charles Branagh). Sua tradução é MUITO BARULHO POR NADA.


Kenneth Charles Branagh
    Kenneth Charles Branagh

Kenneth Charles Branagh (pronounced /bræn?/ BRAN-?; born 10 December 1960) is an actor and film director from Northern Ireland. He is best known for directing and starring in several film adaptations of William Shakespeare's plays including Henry V (1989) (for which was nominated for the Academy Awards for Best Actor and Best Director), Much Ado About Nothing (1993), Hamlet (1996) (for which he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay), Love's Labour's Lost (2000), and As You Like It (2006).

A razão do título deste artigo é o fato de algumas pessoas ligadas (emocionalmente) ao trabalho maravilhoso do Dr. L. L. Zamenhof não aceitarem o fato de que o Esperanto é uma língua artificial.

Definitivamente, o Esperanto é uma língua artificial, criada pelo gênio de Lazarus Ludwig Zamenhof. Porém, devido à facilidade que existe para qualquer pessoa para aprender inglês, o Esperanto não teve o sucesso esperado como língua internacional, sendo que a pesquisas indicam que o número de pessoas que falam Esperanto fluentemente varia, de acordo com a Wikipedia, entre 10.000 pessoas e 2 milhões em todo o mundo. Na maior das hipóteses, um quinto da população do RS.

Estimates of Esperanto speakers range from 10,000 to 2,000,000 active or fluent speakers, as well as native speakers, that is, people who learned Esperanto from their parents as one of their native languages.

If you have to decide between learning English and Esperanto, take in due consideration the information above. And if you love Esperanto, be sure that you are not alone. I find it very interesting too. It is very easy for the ones who speak German, Russian, Polish, Latin or Greek to learn it. In a way, it reminds me of a language spoken in the Caribbean, namely, PAPIAMENTO. One day we will discuss PAPAIAMENTO here. For us Brazilians, it is a very thrilling experience to listen to someone speaking PAPIAMENTO.

If you have any questions regarding the learning of the English language by a Brazilian native speaker, be sure to read my latest book O QUE VOCÊ DEVE SABER ANTES DE FALAR INGLÊS.

Have an excellent weekend and take care, don’t drink and drive, drive safely and most of all, when walking, don’t trust in the efficiency of our crosswalks. Bad drivers are not afraid of getting a ticket from EPTC because its agents are never present when we need them.

All you can do is pray for God’s protection when you use a crosswalk, especially those located in unexpected places, like the one in front of Zaffari, on Cristóvão Colombo Ave, between Hoffmann Street and Sete de Abril Street. You can’t imagine how dangerous that crosswalk is. But it is no use to ask EPTC to transfer the crosswalk from where they painted it, in front of Zaffari, to the corner of Cristóvão and Hoffmann, WHERE IT SHOULD HAVE BEEN ORIGINALLY LOCATED. I have been doing that for more than a year and they (EPTC) simply do not pay any attention to my complaints.

If any of you happens to know a very nice person named Vanessa, from EPTC, please show her this article. In 2010, she promised me that something would be done to solve this problem, but so far nothing has happened. I imagine that she has forgotten the subject. Other people told me that the person at EPTC who was going to solve this problem was promoted to the presidency (?), (Board of directors?) of Cia. Carris and that the subject had been totally abandoned.

As Marcus Tullius Cicero would say QUOSQUE TANDEM, EPTC, ABUTERE PATIENTIA NOSTRA?
 

 

 

 

 

 


Tags: Roberto Henry Ebelt, ensino, inglês


Roberto Henry Ebelt é professor, escritor, escreveu uma coluna semanal para o Jornal do Comércio de Porto Alegre entre 2001 e 2013, e é diretor do curso HENRY'S BUSINESS ENGLISH desde 1971.

Seu mais recente livro, O QUE VOCÊ DEVE SABER ANTES DE ESTUDAR INGLÊS, pode ser encontrado nas livrarias Disal, Cultura e SBS ou à rua Hoffmann, 728 em Porto Alegre.

E-mail: roberto@henrys.com.br
Fone (51) 3222-3144
www.henrys.com.br
Página no Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/henrysbusinessnglish/?pnref=lhc




Opinião do internauta

  • Guilherme Jardim (07.03.2012 | 07.57)
    Caro Carlos Mello, não sei como era o Esperanto ha 45 anos atrás pois me tornei esperantista só ha 30 anos. Mas sei como ele esta hoje em dia. Alguns dados para q você se atualize. Hoje o Esperanto é a 22a língua mais utilizada na wikipedia (em número de artigos), na frente de muitas línguas como Árabe e Hebraico. (olha que são 6000 linguas no mundo) São estimados cerca de 5 milhões de falantes em 152 países. Muito pais que a população do Uruguai. Semana passada o Google adicionou ao seu tradutor o Esperanto. E o Google não faz nada sem analisar bem os motivos, eles devem saber do uso crescente do Esperanto atualmente. Na verdade podemos dizer que a história do Esperanto se divide em antes e depois da internet. Você ainda está no antes, mesmo o seu palavreado ,esquerdóides, notei um pouco antigo. Não se fala mais hoje em esquerda e direita. Ha! Ia esquecendo. Sou aluno de pós-graduação em interlinguística na Universidade Adam Mickievic em Poznan na Polônia. As aulas são todas em Esperanto, tem alunos de mais de 10 países da Europa.
  • Carlos Mello (05.03.2012 | 18.02)
    Estudei Esperanto, era uma escola na Gal. A Nação na ruaDr. Flores, isto ha uns 45 anos atras. É muito horrivel, é uma mistura que parece que se está falando na língua dos anjos que os padres gostam. Nao tem futuro nenhum. E depois falar onde? Tanto que não pegou que nem os esquerdistóides que adoram qualquer coisa pra fugir do domínio do idioma dos "capitalistas" nao aguentaram.
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